How To Propagate Monstera Deliciosa: Easy & Effective Steps

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To propagate Monstera Deliciosa, cut a stem below an aerial root and place it in water or soil. Ensure the cutting has at least one node.

Monstera Deliciosa, often called the Swiss Cheese Plant, is a popular houseplant known for its unique, perforated leaves. Propagating this plant can be rewarding and straightforward, making it a favourite among enthusiasts. By carefully selecting a healthy stem with a node and aerial root, you can create new plants in water or soil.

This method helps expand your indoor jungle and ensures that the new plants retain the vibrant characteristics of the parent Monstera. Proper care during propagation, including adequate light and moisture, will encourage healthy root development and growth.

Propagation Methods

Monstera Deliciosa, commonly known as the Swiss Cheese Plant, is a popular houseplant known for its large, perforated leaves. Propagating this plant is a rewarding activity that allows you to grow new plants from a single-parent plant. There are several methods to propagate Monstera Deliciosa, each with its steps and benefits. Here, we will explore three effective methods: water propagation, soil propagation, and air layering.

How To Propagate Monstera Deliciosa

Preparing For Propagation

Propagating Monstera Deliciosa can be a rewarding experience for plant enthusiasts. Successful propagation starts with careful preparation. This section will guide you through the essential steps to ensure your Monstera propagation journey begins on the right foot.

Selecting A Healthy Mother Plant

Choosing a healthy mother plant is the first step in Monstera propagation. A robust plant increases the likelihood of successful cuttings and new growth. Look for the following signs to ensure you select the best plant:

  • Vibrant, Green Leaves: Healthy Monstera leaves should be deep green and free from yellowing or browning.
  • Strong Stems: Check that the stems are firm, not mushy or weak.
  • No Pests or Diseases: Inspect the plant for signs of pests like spider mites or scale insects. Avoid plants with spots or mildew.

Perform a thorough check of the plant. Look at the underside of the leaves and along the stems. A healthy mother plant ensures successful propagation and maintains the overall health of your plant collection.

Gathering Necessary Tools And Materials

The right tools and materials are crucial for successful Monstera propagation. Here’s a list of what you’ll need:

  • Clean, Sharp Shears: Sharp shears make clean cuts, reducing damage to the plant.
  • Rooting Hormone (Optional): This can help speed up root development.
  • Water or Soil: Decide whether you will root your cutting in water or soil.
  • Small Pots or Containers: Use these to place the cuttings.
  • Plastic Bags: These can create a humid environment for the cuttings.

It’s crucial to maintain cleanliness to prevent infection. Before making any cuts, ensure your tools are clean. Sterilize your shears with rubbing alcohol. If you’re rooting in water, use a clear container to monitor root growth. For soil, a well-draining mix is ideal.

Water Propagation

Monstera Deliciosa, known for its unique leaves and tropical vibe, is popular among plant enthusiasts. Water propagation is one of the easiest ways to propagate this beautiful plant. This method involves cutting the plant in water until it develops roots.

Choosing The Right Cutting

The first step is choosing the right cutting to start with water propagation. A healthy cutting ensures the best chance of success. Here are some tips to select the best cutting:

  • Healthy Stem: Choose a stem that is healthy and strong. Avoid stems that are wilted or damaged.
  • At Least One Node: Ensure the cutting has at least one node. The node is where the roots will grow.
  • Aerial Roots: Pick a cutting with aerial roots. These roots will help the cutting to establish faster.

Placing The Cutting In Water

Now that you have your perfect cutting, it’s time to place it in water. Follow these steps to ensure the cutting starts developing roots:

  1. Clean Container: Use a clean glass jar or container. This prevents any bacterial growth.
  2. Fill with Water: Fill the container with room temperature water. Tap water is fine, but let it sit for 24 hours to dechlorinate.
  3. Submerge the Node: Place the cutting in the water, ensuring the node is submerged. This is where the roots will grow.
  4. Support the Cutting: If the cutting is extensive, use a small stake or tie to keep it upright.

Here’s a quick checklist:

  • Clean glass jar
  • Room temperature water
  • Node submerged
  • Support if needed

With the cutting placed adequately in water, the next step is maintenance.

Maintaining The Water Propagation Process

Maintenance is crucial to ensure the cutting develops strong roots. Follow these guidelines:

  • Change Water Weekly: Replace the water every week. This keeps it fresh and oxygenated.
  • Check for Root Growth: Monitor the cutting for root growth. Roots typically appear within 2-4 weeks.
  • Avoid Direct Sunlight: Place the container in a bright spot but avoid direct sunlight. Too much sun can harm the cutting.
  • Clean the Container: Clean the container every time you change the water. This prevents algae and bacteria.

Here’s a simple maintenance schedule:

Change WaterWeekly
Check for Roots2-4 weeks
Clean ContainerWeekly

Soil Propagation

Monstera Deliciosa, the Swiss Cheese Plant, is a favourite among houseplant enthusiasts. Propagating this plant can be a rewarding experience. One effective method to propagate Monstera Deliciosa is through soil propagation. This method ensures that your new plant has a robust root system and adapts well to its new environment.

Preparing The Soil Mix

It would help if you had a well-draining soil mix to propagate Monstera Deliciosa in the soil. A good soil mix is crucial for healthy root growth. Here’s a simple recipe for a soil mix that works well:

  • One part potting soil: Provides essential nutrients.
  • One-part perlite: Ensures good drainage.
  • One part orchid bark: Adds aeration and mimics the plant’s natural environment.

Mix these ingredients thoroughly in a large container. Make sure the soil mix is slightly moist but not soggy. The correct moisture level helps the cutting to establish roots without rotting.

How To Propagate Monstera Deliciosa

Planting The Cutting In Soil

Next, it’s time to plant the Monstera cutting in the prepared soil. Follow these steps:

  1. Select a healthy cutting: Choose a stem with at least one node and a few leaves.
  2. Prepare the cutting: Trim any damaged leaves or roots. Let the cutting dry for a couple of hours to prevent rot.
  3. Plant the cutting: Make a hole in the soil mix and insert the cutting. Ensure the node is buried in the soil.
  4. Firm the soil: Press the soil around the cutting to secure it.

Ensure the pot has drainage holes to prevent waterlogging. Place the pot in a bright spot with indirect sunlight.

Caring For The Newly Planted Cutting

Once the cutting is planted, proper care is essential for its growth. Here are some tips:

  • Watering: Water the soil thoroughly after planting. Keep the soil slightly moist but not wet. Overwatering can cause root rot.
  • Light: Place the pot in a bright location with indirect sunlight. Direct sunlight can scorch the leaves.
  • Humidity: Monstera Deliciosa loves humidity. Use a humidifier or mist the plant regularly.
  • Temperature: Keep the temperature between 65°F and 85°F. Avoid placing the plant near cold drafts or heating vents.

After a few weeks, you should see new growth. This indicates that the cutting has been successfully rooted. Continue to monitor the plant and adjust care as needed.

Common Issues And Troubleshooting

Propagating Monstera Deliciosa can be an enriching experience. However, it can sometimes come with a few challenges. This section will cover common issues and troubleshooting tips to ensure your propagation journey is a success.

Root Rot Prevention

Root rot is a common issue when propagating Monstera Deliciosa. This fungal disease occurs due to overwatering or poor drainage. To prevent root rot:

  • Use well-draining soil: Choose a mix that allows water to flow easily.
  • Avoid overwatering: Only water the plant when the top inch of soil is dry.
  • Ensure proper drainage: Use pots with drainage holes to allow excess water to escape.

Signs of root rot include yellowing leaves and a foul smell from the soil. To treat root rot:

  1. Remove the plant: Gently take the plant out of its pot.
  2. Trim-affected roots: Cut away any black or mushy roots with sterilized scissors.
  3. Report: Place the plant in fresh, well-draining soil.

Dealing With Yellowing Leaves

Yellowing leaves can indicate several issues during propagation. Common causes include:

  • Overwatering: This often leads to root rot, which causes yellow leaves.
  • Underwatering: Dry soil can also lead to yellow leaves.
  • Insufficient light: Monstera Deliciosa needs bright, indirect light.

To address yellowing leaves:

  • Check watering habits: Ensure you are not over or under-watering.
  • Adjust light conditions: Move the plant to a spot with more or less light as needed.
  • Inspect for pests: Look for signs of pests that might be causing stress to the plant.

If the leaves continue to yellow despite these adjustments, consider repotting the plant in fresh soil.

Overcoming Slow Growth

Slow growth in Monstera Deliciosa can be frustrating. Factors that contribute to slow growth include:

  • Low light: Ensure the plant receives bright, indirect light.
  • Poor soil quality: Use nutrient-rich, well-draining soil.
  • Incorrect watering: Both over and under-watering can stunt growth.

To boost growth:

  1. Improve light exposure: Move the plant to a brighter spot.
  2. Fertilize: Use a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer every 4-6 weeks during the growing season.
  3. Maintain humidity: Monstera Deliciosa thrives in high humidity. Use a humidifier or mist the plant regularly.

Addressing these factors should help your Monstera Deliciosa grow more vigorously.

Frequently Asked Questions

How Do You Propagate Monstera Deliciosa?

To propagate Monstera Deliciosa, cut a stem with a node. Place it in water or soil. Ensure it gets indirect light. Keep the medium moist.

Can You Propagate Monstera In Water?

Yes, you can propagate Monstera in water. Place the cutting in water and change the water weekly. Roots will form in a few weeks.

How Long Does Monstera Take To Root?

Monstera cuttings typically take 2-4 weeks to root. Ensure they have proper light and moisture. Roots should be visible within this period.

What Is The Best Time To Propagate Monstera?

The best time to propagate Monstera is during spring or summer. The plant grows actively then, ensuring quicker root formation and healthier growth.


Propagating Monstera Deliciosa is a rewarding and straightforward process. Follow the steps carefully for successful results. You will soon enjoy new, thriving plants with proper care and patience. Happy gardening, and may your Monstera collection flourish!

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